Problems and Anxieties of non-Japanese Residents living in Japan during the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Survey
During COVID-19, Japan has taken measures varying from national lockdowns to targeted quarantine and social distancing and declared a healthcare emergency for all residents; therefore, it is of the utmost importance to understand the implications of these restrictions on the health and well-being of foreign communities in Japan.
We aimed to identify the anxieties and life problems of non-Japanese residents living in Japan (especially in Nagasaki City) during the COVID-19 pandemic in efforts to launch the Problem Solution Website including suggestions or consultations on their troubles and worries.
We conducted a cross-sectional and web-based survey using a questionnaire in 13 available languages from January to March 2021 of non-Japanese residents who were living in Japan during the (ongoing) COVID-19 pandemic. 359 valid responses were collected. 47.4% of participants were residing in Nagasaki city. More than 25% of people reported Japanese communication as a barrier to their daily life communication. 36.5% of the participants reported having troubles/difficulties with learning or at work and 32% reported to feeling discriminated against for being a non-Japanese resident. Not many participants reported problems with losing jobs (12.8%), however, 47.1% reported a decrease in the overall financial stability of their household. The overall emotional health, mental health, physical health, and sexual satisfaction were less than before in up to one-third of the participants; however, the majority remained the same as before. Parents perceived that their children's overall emotional health was most affected, indicated by 20.0% of children feeling less happy and 12.2% of children suffering a decline in mental health compared with before the COVID-19 pandemic.
During the (ongoing) COVID-19 pandemic, non-Japanese residents living in Japan were affected in many aspects of their life.